Sometimes differentiating if a problem is medical or behavioral can be tricky. Here are a few things I initially consider.
Is the behavior a new behavior?
For example , if a dog has been reliably housebroken then begins to have accidents in the house, I will wonder if the dog has developed a bladder infection. Or if a dog that used to love to be pet everywhere, begins to growl when someone touches his back, I will ask if the dog has had any recent injuries to their back.
How old is the dog?
If the dog is over 8 years old and is displaying “strange” behaviors, the dog may be developing cognitive disorders.
Has the dog experienced any traumas or frightening events?
Dogs can develop Post Traumatic Stress and can express strange behaviors due to anxiety or fear. In some cases, the problem is so severe that the dog will need to be put on anxiety medications to overcome their fear. After we were evacuated during a fire, my Jack Russell was afraid to go through doorways. I have no idea why, but with treats and praise, she overcame it. Some Post Traumatic Stress problems are not that easy to solve.
Does the dog seem to want to do the behavior but is hesitant?
For example, if a dog has had a solid “sit” and suddenly is hesitant to sit, the dog could be experiencing pain when he sits. I have also seen dogs change the way they sit if a back leg or lower back is uncomfortable. If you notice that your dog is moving different or acting differently when they do a behavior, a medical problem may be the underlying issue.
Anytime I suspect that a behavior problem could be medical, I require my clients to see a vet before we meet to try to “fix” the behavior. If a dog has a bladder infection, kidney infection or is diabetic, no behavior modification program is going to “fix” the dog and stop the accidents from happening. One of the main symptoms of those three medical problems is increased urination. If the dog must urinate and does not have access to the appropriate potty area, an accident will happen.
Behavior problems can be very frustrating for the humans but when we make sure that the dog is healthy before trying to modify the behavior, the entire process is easier. We owe it to our dogs to look at the whole picture and not focus solely on the problem.