Message Us

What You Need to Know About Seizures in Your Dog

By DwightAlleyneDVM. | Activities for Your Dog Dog Info

If you ever had a dog who experienced a seizure, it can always be a scary experience for you as a pet owner.

Seizures in Dogs? Knowledge Is PowerYou wonder if what they are going through is painful, will they survive the episode, or are they every going to be normal again afterwards. But the more knowledge you have about seizures, the less the anxiety will be if your dog experiences one.

What is a seizure?

A seizure in simple terms is a disruption or disorganization of brain function. This disruption can cause the signals of the brain to transmit abnormally leading to uncontrolled movements of the body what we refer to as seizures.

Possible Causes of Seizures

There can be many causes of seizures. Here are some of the most common causes for seizures: Different medical conditions that occur outside the brain (extra-cranial) can contribute to seizure activity. Some of these include low blood sugar, low blood calcium, liver abnormalities, or a severe infection. Toxins are also common. Some common toxins include pyrethrins, organophosphates, and mycotoxins. Seizures are more commonly caused by conditions in the brain (intracranial). Some of these conditions include degenerative disease or breakdown of the brain tissue, brain malformations that dogs may be born with, brain tumors, immune mediated disease which is when the body attack it owns brain cells, and an unknown cause which we refer to as epilepsy.

How to Diagnose Cause of Seizures

Diagnosing the cause of seizures can sometimes be challenging. The first step in diagnosis is having lab work performed to rule out the medical conditions that occur outside the brain. Further diagnosis requires advanced imaging such as a MRI and CT scan to further analyze the brain or spinal cord for evidence of disease. If these prove inconclusive, then the cause of seizures are determined to be caused by epilepsy.

Treatment of Seizures

Treatment of seizures depends on the specific cause for the seizures. For medical conditions that occur outside the brain, once the underlying condition is corrected with the appropriate medication,  seizure activity should cease. Exceptions in this case would be if permanent brain damage is present. Seizures caused by conditions inside the brain are more challenging to treat. Brain tumors often require very risky surgery which does not guarantee a favorable outcome. Brain malformation or immune-mediated diseases often require high doses of steroids which at best can provide relief of the seizures for a temporary period. Epilepsy however can be treated effectively in most cases with anti-seizure medications. Treatment does not eliminate seizures but they can be greatly reduced. The most common medications used to treat seizures in these cases include phenobarbital and potassium bromide. Newer medications that once were more common for human use are now becoming more common for dogs. These include drugs such as gabapentin and Keppra. These drugs have less side effects than their more common counterparts.

What to Do if You Dog Has a Seizures

First thing is don't panic. I know it can be a scary experience but not all seizure activity requires an emergency visit. It depends on the intensity, frequency, and behavior after the seizure activity occurs. Keep your pet away from areas where they could fall down such as stairs, and outside decks. Avoid going near your dog's mouth as they could inadvertently bite you. Remember they have no control of their muscles during a seizure episode. If you can, see if you can videotape the episode. This can help veterinarians  when they are trying to diagnose your dog. Rush your dog to the emergency veterinarian if the seizures last longer than five minutes, if they have multiple seizures in a short period of time, or remains unresponsive or disorientated for an extended period of time.

Final Thoughts on Seizures

Seizure activity is always a nerve wracking experience for the dog owner that is involved. The goal for the most effective treatment is to find out the potential cause behind them. So it is important that if your pet has a seizure they see a veterinarian to be evaluated. Seizures in Dogs and Dog Seat Covers: Cargo, Dog Bed Liner, Bed Cover: 30% Off Premium Seat Covers
Dwight Alleyne head shotDwight Alleyne, DVM Dwight Alleyne, DVM is the author of the Animal Doctor Blog, a blog that provides veterinary information about cats and dogs through articles and product reviews. He has almost 20 years of animal experience with 10 years as a veterinary technician and more than 9 years as a veterinarian. He currently practices in Georgia at a small animal practice where he provides veterinary services through surgeries and medical consultations. When he is not working, Dr. Alleyne enjoys spending time with his wife, daughter, and 7 year old cat named Queen.

Comments

Signup/Login to post a reply

 

Reviews From 4Knines Customers VIEW MORE »

The best evaluations of our products come from the people who’ve bought them.

Puppy misadventure

My 8 month old lab puppy ate something and it required a trip to the vet. They administered peroxide to induce vomiting. He seemed unaffected by the entire experience and after waiting 45 minutes with no results, we were sent home. Naturally, he threw up in the car on the way home. I had recently bought the split rear seat cover. It saved the back seat of my car and cleaned up beautifully. I can only imagine how the cloth seat would have absorbed the odor and stain without the protection of the seat cover. Buying your seat cover was the smartest decision I've made. Love the hammock option.

READ MORE »
Christine Cooley

XL rear seat hammock cover

I own a 2015 Toyota Tundra CrewMax. I was concerned that the XL seat cover wouldn't be big enough for our pups. However, after installing it easily, our pups took to it immediately! Ellie loved the hammock part that comes off the seat a little and slept in it on one of our most recent road trips.

READ MORE »
JP Nelson

Perfect Fit!

We had fallen back to just putting a sheet over our seats as our Bernese Mountain Dog and our cars never found a perfect match with any of the seat covers we tried until this front seat cover. We immediately put in an order for the backseat cover from 4Knines to give our BMD more room.

READ MORE »
Erin Allen

Service dog approved

It works awesome and my dog Mr Malachi S.D loves it and 4 me being disabled it's so much easier to keep my seat clean now. thank you awesome product..

READ MORE »
Dave Clark

Perfect seat cover- just what I was looking for

I ordered the Split Rear Back Seat Cover - Grey Regular Fitted - Non Hammock option for my 1999 Ford F-150 pickup truck. It fits perfectly in the front seat. Easy to take off and on and looks beautiful.

READ MORE »
Miriam Hudgins

Great product awesome customer service

Well made look forward to many years of use. Door protectors do there job. Thanks

READ MORE »
Danny Medinas

Geeat fit, great product, great service

Got these much faster than other products I have ordered online. The fit is wonderful, even in my little Corolla, and the installation was really easy. Hair does NOT stick to these covers.I love them!

READ MORE »
RACHEL FLEISCHAKER

Customer Service

I ordered a dog cover for my rear seat. When I placed it, one of the straps was not holding tight so I sent an email to the company that day. I received an immediate response and an immediate replacement. I was so impressed! I love the no hammock cover. It's perfect!

READ MORE »
Sylvia Morrison

4Knines.com

For all general inquiries, please call or email us
Phone: 888.602.2509
Email: support@4Knines.com

Sign Up to Our Newsletter

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.
Nothing but the best for your best friend!
© 4Knines. 2017. All rights reserved | Terms | Privacy

Message Us