We all enjoy being around our companion canines, but did you know dogs can also have positive benefits on our physical and mental health?
From the blood pressure lowering to the calorie burning and endorphin releasing merits of taking your dog for a walk,
companion animal ownership
is good for people.
In fact, there's a term for the beneficial effects companion animals have on human health: zooeyia.
Although zooeyia may sound like an exotic disease where animals serve as the source of infection for people (zoonosis, there spread of illness across species), it's actually the positive inverse of zoonosis.
1. Catalysts for Harm Reduction
Smoking is harmful habit both to the smoker and people and pets exposed to second-hand smoke.
Besides the irritants and chemicals that all organisms sharing a smoke-filled environment breathe, clothes, blankets, beds, furniture, and floors (i.e. third-hand smoke) collect toxic residues which pose serious health risks to our animal companions.
By the simple action of self-grooming, toxins will be ingested when pets use their mouths clean their fur or paw pads. Additionally, pets are more likely than humans to lick the floor or other environmental surfaces and will absorb toxins to which humans may not otherwise be exposed.
("short faced", like the Pug, English Bulldog, etc.) are more commonly affected by lung cancer
("long faced", including the Collie, Greyhound, etc.) commonly develop nasal cancer from second-hand smoke.
According to Tobacco Control
2009: 0:1-3, "the dangers of pet exposure to second-hand smoke is motivation to owners to quit or attempt to quit smoking, motivate household members to quit, and to forbid smoking inside the home."
The fact that a pet's presence can prompt a person to quit smoking shows that veterinarians play a key role
in educating owners about the negative implications
their habits have on pets. Thereby, the health of the owner is also benefitted by being better informed.
2. Healthy Lifestyle Motivators
We all know that exercise should be one of our positive daily habits,
but for many Americans simply being aware of the emotional and physical benefits of exercise still isn't enough incentive. Yet, if we are motivated to walk our dogs for elimination, socialization, and exercise we are also more likely to be active.
Pets, especially dogs, can be inspiration for owners to increase their physical activity.
The PPET (People Pets Exercising Together) Study
showed that owners who regularly exercised with their dog stuck with their workout plan as compared to participants lacking canine companionship while being active.
Dogs are great motivators because they often initiate exercise (require a person to take them out to urinate and defecate), add enjoyment to activities, and are a source of "parental pride."
Before you start on an exercise program
with your canine companion, schedule a wellness examination
with your veterinarian to get the best sense of the activities
that are most-appropriate for your pet's level of physical health.
3. Therapeutic Interventions to Treat Illness
A household pet's presence can provide an owner with a variety of mental health benefits, including a sense of attachment, emotional and social well-being, and decreased feelings of isolation occurring during psychiatric illness.
According to Hypertension
, 2001: 38:815-820 "pets provide non-judgmental social support intervention that buffers pathogenic responses to stress."
As a practicing veterinarian and pet owner, I feel as though my life is enriched by my dog Cardiff's presence. Although managing his health in the face of cancer and immune-system disease is stressful, I feel grateful to the positive contributions
he makes to my emotional, physical, and spiritual well-being.
Cardiff's presence in my life exemplifies zooeiya, as he makes me be patient and focus on prioritizing his and my health everyday.
For further information on the means by which pets complement human health, see Zooeyia: An essential component of "One Health"
. You can also visit The Human Animal Bond Research Initiative Foundation
(HABRI) which collects data from scientific studies on the means by which pets can benefit the health of their owners.
Dr. Patrick Mahaney VMD, CVA, CVJ is a veterinarian and certified veterinary acupuncturist providing services to Los Angeles-based clients both on a house call and in-clinic basis. Dr. Mahaney's unique approach integrating eastern and western medical perspectives has evolved into a concierge house call practice, California Pet Acupuncture and Wellness (CPAW), Inc. Additionally, Dr. Mahaney offers holistic treatment for canine and feline cancer patients at the Veterinary Cancer Group (Culver City, CA).